World Organizations and Their Headquarters
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World Organizations and their Headquarters – Indian Polity Notes

It is important to note down important World Organizations and their Headquarters. This helps you win competitions when a quiz is conducted in the school, and you could flaunt your knowledge among your peers! Just Kidding. Being a responsible universal citizen, a little knowledge about everything under the sun does help. So, in this article, we would provide you some information about some famous world organizations, their functions, and most importantly – their headquarters, in case you are in the city!

Important World Organizations and Their Headquarters:

United Nations Organization (UNO)

  • The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization whose stated purposes are to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations.
  • Headquarters in New York
  • It is the world’s largest and most familiar international organization.
  • The UN is headquartered on international territory in New York City, and has other main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna, and The Hague (home to the International Court of Justice).

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)

  • The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is responsible for coordinating responses to environmental issues within the United Nations system.
  • Headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya
  • It was established by Maurice Strong, its first director, after the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm in June 1972.
  • Its mandate is to provide leadership, deliver science and develop solutions on a wide range of issues, including climate change, the management of marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and green economic development.
  • The organization also develops international environmental agreements; publishes and promotes environmental science and helps national governments achieve environmental targets.

United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR)

  • The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is a United Nations agency mandated to aid and protect refugees, forcibly displaced communities, and stateless people, and to assist in their voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement to a third country. 
  • Headquartered in Geneva

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

  • The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is a United Nations agency tasked with helping countries eliminate poverty and achieve sustainable economic growth and human development.
  • Headquartered in New York City
  • It is the largest UN development aid agency.
  • The UNDP emphasizes developing local capacity towards long-term self-sufficiency and prosperity.
  • It administers projects to attract investment, technical training, and technological development, and provides experts to help build legal and political institutions and expand the private sector.

United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)

  • The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), formerly the United Nations Fund for Population Activities, is a UN agency aimed at improving reproductive and maternal health worldwide.
  • Headquarters in New York.
  • Its work includes developing national healthcare strategies and protocols, increasing access to birth control, and leading campaigns against child marriage, gender-based violence, obstetric fistula, and female genital mutilation.

United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)

  • The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) aimed at promoting world peace and security through international cooperation in education, arts, sciences and culture.
  • Headquarters in Paris, France.
  • It has 193 member states and 12 associate members, as well as partners in the non-governmental, intergovernmental and private sector.

World Health Organization

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health.
  • The WHO Constitution states its main objective as “the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health”.
  • Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

International Monetary Fund

  • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is a major financial agency of the United Nations, and an international financial institution consisting of 190 countries.
  • Headquarters in Washington
  • Its stated mission is “working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world.
  • Formed in 1944, started on 27 December 1945

Commonwealth London

  • The Commonwealth of Nations, simply referred to as the Commonwealth is a political association of 56 member states, the vast majority of which are former territories of the British Empire.
  • Headquarters is Marlborough House, London, United Kingdom.
  • The chief institutions of the organization are the Commonwealth Secretariat, which focuses on intergovernmental aspects, and the Commonwealth Foundation, which focuses on non-governmental relations amongst member states.

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

  • The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries is an intergovernmental organization of 13 countries. 
  • Headquarters in Vienna, Austria.
  • Founded on 14 September 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members.
  • Austria is not an OPEC member state. 

World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

  • The World Wide Fund for Nature Inc. is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961 that works in the field of wilderness preservation and the reduction of human impact on the environment.
  • Headquarters in Gland, Switzerland.
  • It was formerly named the World Wildlife Fund, which remains its official name in Canada and the United States.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

  • The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as an intergovernmental organization intended to promote the interests of developing states in world trade.
  • Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

International Olympic Committee (IOC)

  • The International Olympic Committee is a non-governmental sports organization.
  • Headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland.
  • It is constituted in the form of an association under the Swiss Civil Code.

League of Arab States

  • The Arab League, formally the League of Arab States, is a regional organization in the Arab world, which is located in Northern Africa, Western Africa, Eastern Africa, and Western Asia.
  • Headquarters in Cairo, Egypt.

Amnesty International

  • Amnesty International is an international non-governmental organization focused on human rights.
  • Headquarters in the United Kingdom.

Asian Development Bank

  • The Asian Development Bank is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966
  • Headquartered in Manila, Philippines.
  • The bank also maintains 31 field offices around the world to promote social and economic development in Asia.

Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)

  • ASEAN is a political and economic union of 10 member states in Southeast Asia, which promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration between its members and countries in the Asia-Pacific. 
  • Headquarters in Jakarta, Indonesia.

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

  • The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 member states – 28 European and two North American.
  • Headquarters in Brussels, Belgium.
  • Founded: 4 April 1949, Washington, D.C., United States
  • Founders: United States, United Kingdom, France, Italy, Norway.

African Union (AU)

  • The African Union is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa.
  • Headquarters in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • The AU was announced in the Sirte Declaration in Sirte, Libya, on 9 September 1999, calling for the establishment of the African Union.

South Asian Association for Regional Corporation

  • The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation is the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of states in South Asia.
  • Headquarters in Kathmandu, Nepal.
  • Its member states are Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.

International Police (INTERPOL)

  • The International Criminal Police Organization, commonly known as Interpol, is an international organization that facilitates worldwide police cooperation and crime control.
  • Headquarters in Lyon, France.

World Trade Organization

  • The World Trade Organization is an intergovernmental organization that regulates and facilitates international trade. Governments use the organization to establish, revise, and enforce the rules that govern international trade.
  • Headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

Women Aid International

  • Women’s Aid Organisation (WAO) is a Malaysian non-governmental organisation that fights for women’s rights and specifically against violence against women.
  • Headquarters in London, United Kingdom.

World Bank

  • The World Bank is an international financial institution that provides loans and grants to the governments of low- and middle-income countries for the purpose of pursuing capital projects
  • Headquarters in Washington, United States.

Universal Postal Union

  • The Universal Postal Union, established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874, is a specialized agency of the United Nations that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.
  • Headquarters in Bern, Switzerland.

BENELUX Economic Union

  • The Benelux Union, also known as simply Benelux, is a politico-economic union and formal international intergovernmental cooperation of three neighboring states in western Europe: Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
  • Headquarters in Brussels, Belgium.

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