UPSC Mains Subject Wise PYQs – Post-Independence India (2023-2013)

Aspirants preparing for the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) are aware of the significance of Post-Independence Indian History in the Mains Examination. It is one of the most crucial subjects that demands a comprehensive understanding of the social, political, and economic events that shaped India’s journey since independence. In recent years, the Post-Independence Indian History section has become a scoring subject, and a lot of questions are asked in the Mains Examination.

To help aspirants prepare better, we have compiled the Post-Independence Indian History mains questions from the past decade (2013-2023) in this blog. This will help you get a better idea of the type of questions asked in the examination, the level of difficulty, and the areas that need more focus. With this comprehensive list of questions, you can analyze the pattern, understand the key concepts, and identify the areas that require more attention, thereby enhancing your preparation for the Mains Examination.




  • The political and administrative reorganization of states and territories has heen a continuous ongoing process since the mid-nineteenth century. Discuss with examples.


  • Assess the main administrative issues and socio-cultural problems in the integration process of Indian Princely States.


  • NIL


  • Examine the linkages between the nineteenth century’s “Indian Renaissance” and the emergence of national identity.


  • Throw light on the significance of the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in the present times.
  • Discuss whether the formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy of India.


  • Highlight the importance of the new objectives that got added to the vision of Indian Independence since the twenties of the last century.
  • Distinguish between religiousness/religiosity and communalism giving one example of how the former has got transformed into the latter in independent India.


  • Has the formation of linguistic states strengthened the cause of Indian unity


  • NIL


  • NIL


  • Critically discuss the objectives of Bhoodan and Gramdan movements initiated by Acharya Vinoba Bhave and their success.
  • Write a critical note on the evolution and significance of the slogan “Jai Jawana Jai Kisan”.
  • Discuss the contribution of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad to pre-and post-independent India.
  • Analyze the circumstances that led to Tashkent Agreement in 1966. Discuss the highlights of the agreement.
  • Critically examine the compulsions which prompted India to play decisive roles in the emergence of Bangladesh.

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