Discuss the natural resource potentials of ‘Deccan Trap’.

Discuss the natural resource potentials of ‘Deccan Trap’. (Answer in 150 words) 10M

One of the most massive volcanic eruptions in the history of the earth is associated with the Deccan Trap, a vast expanse of thick basaltic rock situated in west-central India.

  • The Deccan Trap spans across a considerable portion of western peninsular India, encompassing the states of Maharashtra, Goa, and Gujarat, and partially extending into Madhya Pradesh and southern Rajasthan.

Natural resources found in Deccan Trap

Soil & Rocks

  • Also referred to as “Regur Soil” or “Black Cotton Soil,” Black Soil is a type of soil.
    • Rich in iron, lime, aluminum, and magnesium, Black Soils also contain potassium but are deficient in nitrogen, phosphorus, and organic matter.
    • Black Soil is primarily used for growing crops such as cotton, pulses, millets, castor, tobacco, sugarcane, citrus fruits, linseed, etc.
  • Rocks
    • Numerous ancient cave temples have been excavated from the Deccan basalt in various locations, with the Elephanta Caves being a prime example situated on a small island near Mumbai (formerly Bombay).

Non-Ferrous Minerals

  • India has ample reserves of bauxite to maintain its self-sufficiency.
    • The significant deposits of bauxite are found in Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Goa, and Uttar Pradesh.

Ferrous Minerals

  • India possesses a considerable amount of iron ore resources, including the most significant reserves of iron ore in Asia.
    • The districts of Maharashtra and Goa have also become significant iron ore producers.

Natural Gas

  • While it is present in all oil fields, dedicated deposits of natural gas have been discovered along the eastern coast and in Tripura, Rajasthan, and offshore wells in Gujarat and Maharashtra.
    • The National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI) recently discovered the existence of oil and natural gas reserves in the Deccan region, encompassing vast territories that include regions in Telangana, Karnataka, and Maharashtra.

Geothermal Energy

  • Numerous hot springs are found along the western edge of the Deccan Trap volcanic formation, which is also known as the Western Ghats.

Nuclear Energy

  • In recent times, nuclear energy has become a viable energy source that relies on essential minerals such as uranium and thorium.
    • The crucial nuclear power projects in India include Tarapur (Maharashtra), Rawatbhata near Kota (Rajasthan), and others.

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